Packaging for food and beverages provides protection, tamper resistance, physical, chemical, or biological requirements for the food and beverages. Furthermore, food packaging promotes food nutrition, ensures rapid and consistent food distribution throughout the value chain, and reduces post-harvest losses.
Packages are used depending on the beverages served. Alcoholic beverages are usually done in bottles and cans, while non-alcoholic beverages are typically served in bottles. The growing popularity of non-alcoholic beverages is expected to increase the demand for bottles in beverage packaging. Bottles are also very convenient to carry and store, makes it a preferable choice among buyers. These factors are expected to boost bottle packaging demand in the global industry.
Rigid packaging, flexible packaging, paper packaging, wood packaging, vegetable fibers and textile packaging, metal packaging, beverage cans, aerosols, and glass are some types of packaging materials used in the food and beverage industries. Beer packaging, carbonated soft drinks (CSD) packaging, energy drinks packaging, ready-to-drink ice tea packaging, and alcoholic drink packaging are the most common applications for these packaging materials in the beverage industry. It is common to find that a single product necessitates more than one type of packaging.
- Rigid packaging containers offer distinct advantages like high impact strength, stiffness, and barrier properties. Rigid packaging is commonly used in the beverage industry to store carbonated beverages, water, juices, teas, sports drinks, nutritional drinks, baby food, and frozen food.
- Flexible packaging – This type of packaging consists of bags, envelopes, pouches, sachets, wraps, and other similar items made of easily yielding materials like film, foil, or paper sheeting that takes on when filled and sealed in a pliable shape.
- Paper packaging – Paper and board are flexible packaging materials. Paper packaging can be made of parchment paper, for example, or it can take the form of bags to package loose foods. Carton board is used in various applications, including liquid and dry foods, frozen foods, and fast food. The corrugated board has many applications, including direct contact with food (e.g., pizza boxes) and secondary packaging.
- Wood packaging – This type of packaging is used to pack, transport, handle, preserve, present, and add value to the following food products and industries: Fruit and vegetable, fish and seafood, wines and spirits, oils, cheese and dairy, meat and conditioned meat, bread and bakery, dried fruits.
- Metal packaging – This type of packaging is made of two materials: aluminum steel sheets and bin. Steel sheets are plated with tin and organic lac, which prevents direct contact with food. As a result, corrosion-resistant metal packages are created. It is manufactured as corrosion-resistant metal packaging. Metal materials can be formed by modern production techniques and advanced machines, developing easy-to-open lids, various surface designs, high solidity and tightness, and other important factors for the preference of metal packaging. Aside from food products, metal packaging is also used for the packaging of paint and chemical materials. The metal packaging creates a barrier that is impervious to light, air, and water. It is also insect and rodent-resistant.
Shrinkwrapping, shrink sleeve wrapping, modified atmosphere packaging, sealed tray food packaging, vertical form fill & seal (VFFS) bagging, folding carton packaging, and corrugated case & tray packaging are used for packaging food and beverages.
There has been an increase in demand for ready-to-eat foods, including microwave meals for short-time consumers. The beverage packaging market is driven by increasing demands for tea, bottled water, and carbonated soft drinks (CSD).
Metal packaging’s resilience and convenience are driving the segment’s growth. Aluminum or steel can be used for beverage containers. Both are used for packaging in the case of non-alcoholic beverages. The chemical compatibility of the product and the type of packaging material is essential to the product’s quality. Because aluminum and steel are inert in reactivity with non-alcoholic beverages, they are the best materials for their packaging. Metal cans are also used in the packaging of beer. Can packaging for beer is becoming more popular because, unlike glass, it eliminates light and oxidation damage and keeps beer fresh for a longer time. Customers are most commonly served beverages in metal cans and bottles.